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\一些 NSArray 的基本操作代码例子  

2010-11-21 19:14:39|  分类: objective c |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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\数组可以说是软件开发人员每天都要面对的基本操作,下面就分享一些 NSArray 的基本操作代码例子供苹果开发初学者参考,每段代码第一行会以注释方式说明该段代码的用途。

  数组可以说是软件开发人员每天都要面对的基本操作,下面就分享一些 NSArray 的基本操作代码例子供苹果开发初学者参考,每段代码第一行会以注释方式说明该段代码的用途。

/*******************************************************************************************
     NSArray
     *******************************************************************************************/
    /*---------------------------创建数组------------------------------*/
    //NSArray *array = [NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",@"Four",nil];
    self.dataArray = array;
    [array release];
    //- (unsigned) Count;数组所包含对象个数;
    NSLog(@"self.dataArray cound:%d",[self.dataArray count]);
    //- (id) objectAtIndex: (unsigned int) index;获取指定索引处的对象;
    NSLog(@"self.dataArray cound 2:%@",[self.dataArray objectAtIndex:2]);
    /*--------------------------从一个数组拷贝数据到另一数组(可变数级)----------------------------*/   
    //arrayWithArray:
    //NSArray *array1 = [NSArray alloc] init];
    NSMutableArray *MutableArray = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSArray *array = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                      @"a",@"b",@"c",nil];
    NSLog(@"array:%@",array);
    MutableArray = [NSMutableArray arrayWithArray:array];
    NSLog(@"MutableArray:%@",MutableArray);
    array1 = [NSArray arrayWithArray:array];
    NSLog(@"array1:%@",array1);
    //Copy
    //id obj;
    NSMutableArray *newArray = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSArray *oldArray = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         @"a",@"b",@"c",@"d",@"e",@"f",@"g",@"h",nil];
    NSLog(@"oldArray:%@",oldArray);
    for(int i = 0; i < [oldArray count]; i++)
    {       
        obj = [oldArray objectAtIndex:i] copy];
        [newArray addObject: obj];
    }
    //    
    NSLog(@"newArray:%@", newArray);
    [newArray release];
    //快速枚举
    //NSMutableArray *newArray = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSArray *oldArray = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         @"a",@"b",@"c",@"d",@"e",@"f",@"g",@"h",nil];   
    NSLog(@"oldArray:%@",oldArray);
    for(id obj in oldArray)
    {
        [newArray addObject: obj];
    }
    //    
    NSLog(@"newArray:%@", newArray);
    [newArray release];   
    //Deep copy
    //NSMutableArray *newArray = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSArray *oldArray = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         @"a",@"b",@"c",@"d",@"e",@"f",@"g",@"h",nil];   
    NSLog(@"oldArray:%@",oldArray);   
    newArray = (NSMutableArray*)CFPropertyListCreateDeepCopy(kCFAllocatorDefault, (CFPropertyListRef)oldArray, kCFPropertyListMutableContainers);
    NSLog(@"newArray:%@", newArray);
    [newArray release];   
    //Copy and sort
    //NSMutableArray *newArray = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSArray *oldArray = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
                         @"b",@"a",@"e",@"d",@"c",@"f",@"h",@"g",nil];   
    NSLog(@"oldArray:%@",oldArray);
    NSEnumerator *enumerator;
    enumerator = [oldArray objectEnumerator];
    id obj;
    while(obj = [enumerator nextObject])
    {
        [newArray addObject: obj];
    }
    [newArray sortUsingSelector:@selector(compare:)];
    NSLog(@"newArray:%@", newArray);
    [newArray release];
    /*---------------------------切分数组------------------------------*/
    //从字符串分割到数组- componentsSeparatedByString:
    NSString *string = [NSString alloc] initWithString:@"One,Two,Three,Four"];
    NSLog(@"string:%@",string);   
    NSArray *array = [string componentsSeparatedByString:@","];
    NSLog(@"array:%@",array);
    [string release];
    //从数组合并元素到字符串- componentsJoinedByString:
    NSArray *array = [NSArray alloc] initWithObjects:@"One",@"Two",@"Three",@"Four",nil];
    NSString *string = [array componentsJoinedByString:@","];
    NSLog(@"string:%@",string);
    /*******************************************************************************************
     NSMutableArray
     *******************************************************************************************/
    /*---------------给数组分配容量----------------*/
    //NSArray *array;
    array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithCapacity:20];
    /*--------------在数组末尾添加对象----------------*/
    //- (void) addObject: (id) anObject;
    //NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",nil];
    [array addObject:@"Four"];
    NSLog(@"array:%@",array);
    /*--------------删除数组中指定索引处对象----------------*/   
    //-(void) removeObjectAtIndex: (unsigned) index;   
    //NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",nil];
    [array removeObjectAtIndex:1];
    NSLog(@"array:%@",array);
    /*-------------数组枚举---------------*/   
    //- (NSEnumerator *)objectEnumerator;从前向后
    //NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",nil];
    NSEnumerator *enumerator;
    enumerator = [array objectEnumerator];
    id thingie;
    while (thingie = [enumerator nextObject]) {
        NSLog(@"thingie:%@",thingie);
    }
    //- (NSEnumerator *)reverseObjectEnumerator;从后向前
    //NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",nil];
    NSEnumerator *enumerator;
    enumerator = [array reverseObjectEnumerator];
    id object;
    while (object = [enumerator nextObject]) {
        NSLog(@"object:%@",object);
    }
    //快速枚举
    //NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray arrayWithObjects:
    @"One",@"Two",@"Three",nil];
    for(NSString *string in array)
    {
        NSLog(@"string:%@",string);
    }
    /*******************************************************************************************
     NSDictionary
     *******************************************************************************************/
    /*------------------------------------创建字典------------------------------------*/
    //- (id) initWithObjectsAndKeys;
    //NSDictionary *dictionary = [NSDictionary alloc] initWithObjectsAndKeys:@"One",@"1",@"Two",@"2",@"Three",@"3",nil];
    NSString *string = [dictionary objectForKey:@"One"];
    NSLog(@"string:%@",string);
    NSLog(@"dictionary:%@",dictionary);
    [dictionary release];
    /*******************************************************************************************
     NSMutableDictionary
     *******************************************************************************************/
    /*------------------------------------创建可变字典------------------------------------*/   
    //创建
    NSMutableDictionary *dictionary = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary];
    //添加字典
    [dictionary setObject:@"One" forKey:@"1"];
    [dictionary setObject:@"Two" forKey:@"2"];
    [dictionary setObject:@"Three" forKey:@"3"];
    [dictionary setObject:@"Four" forKey:@"4"];
    NSLog(@"dictionary:%@",dictionary);
    //删除指定的字典
    [dictionary removeObjectForKey:@"3"];
    NSLog(@"dictionary:%@",dictionary);
    /*******************************************************************************************
     NSValue(对任何对象进行包装)
     *******************************************************************************************/
    /*--------------------------------将NSRect放入NSArray中------------------------------------*/   
    //将NSRect放入NSArray中
    NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    NSValue *value;
    CGRect rect = CGRectMake(0, 0, 320, 480);   
    value = [NSValue valueWithBytes:&rect objCType:@encode(CGRect)];
    [array addObject:value];
    NSLog(@"array:%@",array);
    //从Array中提取
    value = [array objectAtIndex:0];
    [value getValue:&rect];
    NSLog(@"value:%@",value);
    /*******************************************************************************************
     从目录搜索扩展名为jpg的文件
     *******************************************************************************************/
    //NSFileManager *fileManager = [NSFileManager defaultManager];
    NSString *home;
    home = @"../Users/";
    NSDirectoryEnumerator *direnum;
    direnum = [fileManager enumeratorAtPath: home];
    NSMutableArray *files = [NSMutableArray alloc] init];
    //枚举
    NSString *filename;
    while (filename = [direnum nextObject]) {
        if([filename pathExtension] hasSuffix:@"jpg"]){
            [files addObject:filename];
        }
    }
    //快速枚举
    //for(NSString *filename in direnum)
    //{
    //    if([filename pathExtension] isEqualToString:@"jpg"]){
    //        [files addObject:filename];
    //    }
    //}
    NSLog(@"files:%@",files);
    //枚举
    NSEnumerator *filenum;
    filenum = [files objectEnumerator];
    while (filename = [filenum nextObject]) {
        NSLog(@"filename:%@",filename);
    }
    //快速枚举
    //for(id object in files)
    //{
    //    NSLog(@"object:%@",object);
    //}

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